Here is your Nobel Prize Winners 2021 List. You can download it with PDF version. The announcement of the Nobel laureates begins on the first Monday in October each year.
Due to the Corona epidemic, the winners will receive the prize in their respective countries. The United Nations World Food Program (WFP) won the Nobel Peace Prize last year.
The company won the Nobel Prize in 2019 for providing food to about 100 million people in 6 countries of the world.
The Nobel Prize was introduced by the Swedish scientist and inventor Alfred Nobel. During his lifetime, Alfred invented 355 devices, including dynamite.
Through all this he became the owner of a lot of money. He made a will in 1895, donating all the money he earned.
The Nobel Prize in Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature and Peace has been awarded since 1901. Later in 1969 the subject of economics was included.
Nobel laureates are awarded medals, certificates and large sums of money. Until 1980, the medal that Nobel laureates won was 23 carat gold.
Since then, 24 carat gold plated medals have been awarded on 18 carat green gold metals. And the amount of money is 11 lakh dollars.
➤Nobel Prize Winners 2021 List
Let’s take a look at the Nobel Prize Winners 2021 list. You get all information’s about honorable winners.
➤Nobel Prize in Medicine : Ardem Patapoutian & David Julius
This year’s Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology has been awarded to US scientist David Julius and Lebanon’s Ardem Patapoutian.
Their research is about our temperature and sense of touch.
These two scientists have discovered how receptors are needed in the nerves that carry the sensation of temperature and pressure.
Temperature, touch are an integral part of our daily lives.
But before their discovery, how our nervous system could sense heat and pressure from the environment was a mystery. Their discovery opened new horizons in medicine.
In the seventeenth century, the philosopher Rene Descartes envisioned the thread connecting the brain to different parts of the body.
Later discovered, the nerves carry the feeling. But how exactly do these nerves understand the temperature in the external environment, or the sensation of touch?
Pepper gives our skin a burning sensation. Capsaicin is responsible for this. Scientist David Julius proved the presence of a sensor that uses the capsaicin present in pepper, which is sensitive to temperature.
The name of this sensor or receptor is TRPV1. It gives our body a feeling of temperature.
On the other hand, scientist Ardem Pataputian discovered a new type of sensor using pressure-sensitive cells.
It can sense when we put pressure on our skin and other organs. The name of this sensor or receptor is Piezo2 It works to create a feeling of touch.
It also has a role in respiration, blood pressure, and even bone reconstruction.
Scientists David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian have done more research on these sensors, discovering their work in various other areas of the body.
Research is underway on the function of these sensors in various physiological processes in the body. Based on these, scientists are trying to find a cure for various diseases, including long-term pain.
➤Nobel Prize in Physics : Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann & Giorgio Parisi
The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded in 2021 by the American scientist Sukuro Manabe, the German scientist Klaus Hasselmann and the Italian scientist Giorgio Parisi.
Sukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann have been awarded for creating a physical model of the Earth’s climate, measuring variability and reliably estimating global warming.
They both received half of this year’s Nobel Prize money.
Giorgio Parisi has received the other half of the Nobel Prize money for discovering how the chaos and fluctuations of physical systems affect each other in the atomic and planetary spheres.
➤Nobel Prize in Chemistry : Benjamin List & David Macmillan
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has named Benjamin List and David WC Macmillan as Nobel Prize winners in chemistry.
The two researchers will share the prize of one crore Swedish kronor equally.
The award was given to them for opening a new door for the pharmaceutical industry by inventing techniques to form molecules through chemical reactions using new types of catalysts.
Their research has made chemical processes or production methods more environmentally friendly or greener.
Benjamin List was born in 1968 in Frankfurt, Germany. David W. C. Macmillan was born in 1968 in Belshell, United Kingdom.
➤Nobel Prize in Literature : Abdulrazak Gurnah
Tanzanian novelist Abdulrazak Gurnah has won the Nobel Prize in Literature this year. His writings tell the story of the plight of the colonialists and the plight of the refugees.
Abdul Razak Gurnah was named the 118th author to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. He will receive one million Swedish kronor.
73 years old Gurnah has written 10 novels. ‘Paradise’ is one of them. The novel was published in 1994. The novel skillfully tells the story of a teenage girl growing up in Tanzania in the early 20th century.
➤Nobel Prize in Peace : Maria Ressa & Dmitry Muratov
Two journalists have won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2021. They are Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia.
According to the Norwegian Nobel Committee, Maria and Dimitri have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of their fight for freedom of expression, one of the prerequisites for democracy and lasting peace.
This is the first time since 1935 that a journalist has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1935, German journalist Karl von Asiatsky was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In the case of Maria, the Norwegian Nobel Committee says she is using her freedom of expression against abuse of power, violence and growing authoritarianism in her native Philippines.
In the case of Dmitry, the Norwegian Nobel Committee says he has been working to protect freedom of speech for decades amid growing challenges in his country, Russia.
The Norwegian Nobel Committee is responsible for selecting the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize. All Nobel Prizes were announced in Stockholm, Sweden, but the Peace Prize was announced in Oslo, Norway. The work was done in accordance with the will of Alfred Nobel. Nobel Prize Winners