Comprehensive Guide to TV Ports: Connect Television

The Comprehensive Guide to TV Ports: How to Connect Your Television. As you’ve observed, Smart TVs now store their connection ports like that of your computer. And this is not an error. TVs are not self-contained boxes in which one sits and watches.

That was television during my father’s generation and my childhood. Now TVs link to gadgets in the house and the internet, enhancing the entertainment experience beyond traditional television.

Next-generation televisions are equipped with various connections that enable wired and wireless communication. This set of input and output channels aims to provide you with the greatest entertainment experience in your living room through clean visuals and clear audio from many devices.

HDMI: One cable for all devices TV Ports

HDMI, an abbreviation for High-Definition Multimedia Interface, has become the standard for digitally transmitting uncompressed audio and video data between devices via a single cable. Nearly all current consumer electronics manufacturers now have at least one HDMI port. HDMI ports are present on your television and on AV receivers, DVD players, DVRs, Blu-ray Disc players, set-top boxes, and decoders.

The HDMI standard has changed significantly. It began with HDMI 1.1, which only enabled DVD audio, then progressed to HDMI 1.3, which raised bandwidth rates to 340 MHz (10.2 Gbps). HDMI 1.4 introduced capability for 4K Resolution and HDMI Ethernet Channel. The most recent Standard HDMI 2.0, often known as HDMI UHD, enables 18 Gbps of total bandwidth and 4K resolution capability. It is essential to determine which standard your television supports to maximize its possibilities.

It is also vital to understand the various HDMI connection connectors. Type A (regular), Type C (Mini), and Type D may differ based on the gadget you own (Micro). Most likely, your television utilizes the conventional HDMI connection.

To connect your flat-screen TV or smart TV to the HDMI port, you need an HDMI cable, available in various colors and forms. There are about five distinct types of HDMI cables;

  • Standard HDMI Cable – 1080i and 720p support.
  • HDMI Standard Cable with Ethernet
  • Standard Vehicle HDMI Cable
  • High-speed HDMI cable with 1080p, 4K, 30 Hz, 3D, and rich color.
  • Ethernet-Enabled High-Speed HDMI Cable.

A basic HDMI cable will usually be enough for your flat-screen or smart TV. However, if you want a cable that allows you to share the internet with connected devices, you will need a regular HDMI cable with Ethernet.

Prices for HDMI cables range from $3 to $19.99 online on sites like Amazon and Newegg. You can also get one for between Ugx 30,000 and Ugx 45,000 at Game Luggogo or electronics stores in Kampala.

USB: Add multimedia content to your TV

It may seem unusual to have a USB (Universal Serial Bus) connector on your TV, but when you need to view a movie or play music from a flash disk or external drive, you realize why you need one. Unsurprisingly, the majority of individuals are acquainted with this PC-derived standard. It has progressed from USB 2.0, which offered transmission rates of 480 Megabits per second (Mbps), to USB 3.0, which offers transfer rates of 5 Gbps.

Most televisions accept the USB 2.0 standard, with just a few USB 3.0 connections available on the most current cutting-edge models.

USB interface connections are a second key factor to consider. There are about five distinct USB connectors/cables, which include;

The USB Type-A port:

Rectangular connector Utilized in most peripherals (including keyboards and mouse) and personal computers, power adapters, and televisions.

The USB Type-B port:

Printers have a less prevalent square connection.


Utilized in certain cameras.


Contemporary mobile and portable device standard.

The USB Type-C port:

Reversible connection of the next generation

Your flat-screen television likely supports the same USB Type-A standard as your laptop. And the majority of televisions have one or two USB ports. That means you can connect your external hard drive or flash drive to your television so you can view videos, listen to music, and even charge your phone. Quite nice.

Composite/Component Audio/Video: A return to the past

Do you recall the CRT-Tube television you watched as a child? Still clear in my memory are the recollections of our Sony Trinitron. Composite AV connections were formerly used to send analog data from speakers, DVD players, and decoders to vintage TV displays.

Composite AV utilizes three cables: one for video and two for left and right audio. While this was the norm for older televisions, certain flat-screen and smart TV models still have it. Component AV is identical to composite except that it has five cables: three for video and two for left and right audio. Only the most recent HDTVs support this standard, though.

If you have an older DVD player, speaker, or satellite decoder that only takes analog inputs, you must ensure the flat screen/Smart TV you purchase supports one of the standards. Unsurprisingly, older DSTV decoders and all GoTV decoders lack HDMI connections and only offer composite AV interfaces.

Audio jack for headphones TV Ports

Typically, televisions do not have a headphone jack. Why would you need one? And wouldn’t it be a nuisance to be near the television to plug in your headphones? However, this is relative. If you have guests who do not desire to be distracted by the television’s sound, a headphone jack should suffice.

Some televisions have a headphone connector that allows you to connect your conventional headphones through the 3.5mm audio socket. You will need to adjust the TV’s sound output to deliver sound to the headphones. Some televisions that lack a headphone connector provide equivalent capabilities through remote control. Popular RokoTV remotes, for example, have a headphone port.

Optical Audio Output TV Ports

Have you seen the trapezoidal port on the back of your television that you seldom use? You’ll notice it because it’s one of those distinctive high school students. Digital optical audio output is also referred to as TOSLink and S/PDIF. Unlike HMDI, USB, and composite AV connections, this connector transmits audio data through an optical connection.

It is essential to remember that optical audio output conveys just audio signals and nothing else. Similarly to composite/component connections, video data will need a separate connection.

TOSLink was created by Toshiba in 1983 and can transport up to 7.1 channels of high-resolution audio. The very successful HDMI standard has now supplanted it due to its simplicity, widespread acceptance, and use.