Chinese spacecraft Lunar on the moon in 2021
Chinese spacecraft has landed on the moon. This is the first such expedition to collect lunar samples in the last four decades.
If the lunar spacecraft can successfully return to Earth after collecting samples, China will be shortlisted. Only the United States and the former Soviet Union have been on the list for so long.
The rocket was launched from the southern Chinese province of Hainan last week on a rocket, the AFP news agency reported.
After 112 hours of space travel, the lunar spacecraft entered the orbit of the moon, the only satellite of the earth, last Saturday. Then on Tuesday it landed near the edge of the moon.
The surface of the moon that always faces the earth is called the nearest edge. And the opposite side is called the far side of the moon. Another Chinese spacecraft landed at this remote end in January 2019.
It was the first spacecraft to land in that region of the moon.
The Chinese spacecraft that landed on the moon on Tuesday was named Chang’e-5. It is named after the moon goddess in Chinese mythology.
China’s state-run Xinhua news agency quoted the Chinese National Space Administration as saying that the spacecraft would collect gravel and soil samples from the moon’s chest.
These samples will help scientists to understand the origin, structure and volcanic activity of the moon.
The lunar sample collected from the lunar spacecraft will be filled into a capsule, according to NASA. The spacecraft is scheduled to land in China’s northern Inner Mongolia region in the second half of December.
If the operation is successful, China’s name will be written next to the names of the United States and the former Soviet Union.
Earlier, in the sixties and seventies, the United States and the Soviet Union were able to successfully collect samples from the moon and bring them to Earth.
Chinese spacecraft on the moon
According to the scientific journal Nature, the Chinese lunar spacecraft will collect two kilograms of samples from the moon’s surface.
These samples will be collected from the Oceanus Procelaram area of the moon. Oceanus Procelaram means ‘sea of storms’.
This huge plain is formed by lava flowing as a result of volcanic eruptions. Samples have not been collected from this area before.
The lunar spacecraft will work to collect this sample for a full day on the moon. One day of the moon is equal to 14 days of the earth.
Jonathan McDowell, a researcher at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in the United States, told AFP last month that China’s lunar mission had used a number of new technologies that had not been seen in previous missions.
China’s space exploration is not limited to lunar missions. The country’s military-led space program is trying to establish a manned space station in space by 2022.
They are spending billions of US dollars for this. They are also trying to send people to the moon. In addition, China has plans to send manned spacecraft to the solar system’s red planet Mars.